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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 32-36

Comparison of renal interstitial fibrosis induced by different animal models of urinary tract infection


Department of Nephrology, Yueyang Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Yi Wang
Department of Nephrology, Yueyang Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jina.jina_35_17

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Objectives: To identify a better animal model that more closely mimics early renal interstitial fibrosis induced by long-term recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI), as occurs in humans, three different murine models were compared. Methods: Three different murine models of upper UTI were established, including direct injection of bacteria into renal tissues, ascending urinary infection with partial unilateral ureteric obstruction, and repeated infusion of bacteria into the bladder. The histopathology of the kidneys was assessed by hematoxylin and eosin staining. Masson's trichrome staining and immunohistochemistry for α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) expression were used for the detection of fibrosis. Results: All three models developed different levels of inflammation in the kidney. However, in contrast to the severe renal interstitial fibrosis in the other two models, the model of repeated infusion of bacteria into the bladder demonstrated early renal interstitial fibrosis by Masson's trichrome staining and immunohistochemistry for α-SMA. Conclusions: The model of repeated infusion of bacteria into the bladder developed low levels of renal interstitial fibrosis, which resembles the early tissue damage in the kidney induced by recurrent UTI s in humans. This model may therefore offer a better way to study the early therapeutic intervention of renal interstitial fibrosis caused by inflammation.


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