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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 21-25

Nondiabetic renal disease in type 2 diabetes mellitus

1 Department of Nephrology, EMS Memorial Cooperative Hospital and Research Centre, Malappuram, Kerala, India
2 Department of Physiology, MES Medical College, Malappuram, Kerala, India
3 Department of Pathology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Kochi, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Lakshminarayana R Gopaliah
Department of Nephrology, EMS Memorial Cooperative Hospital and Research Centre, Perinthalmanna, Malappuram - 679 322, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jina.jina_33_16

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Background and Objectives: The prevalence of nondiabetic renal disease (NDRD) in those with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is common worldwide; however, data from India are limited. Materials and Methods: This study included participants with T2DM who underwent renal biopsy with suspicion of NDRD from September 2009 to August 2016. Results: Seventy-one participants (males: 47 [66.2%] and females: 24 [33.8%]) of T2DM with mean age and standard deviation of 52.93 ± 12.56 years were included in the study. The indications for renal biopsy included acute on chronic renal failure in 35.2% (25), nephrotic syndrome in 31% (22), acute renal failure in 14.1% (10), nephritic syndrome in 14.1% (10), and others in 5.6% (4) of participants. The prevalence rates of NDRD, diabetic nephropathy (DN), and DN with NDRD were 50.71% (36), 28.16% (20), and 21.13% (15), respectively. Among the participants with NDRD, 69.44% (25) had primary glomerular diseases (PGDs), 16.67% (6) had tubulointerstitial diseases (TIDs), and 13.89% (5) had secondary glomerular diseases (SGDs). IgA nephropathy was the most common of PGDs affecting 28% (7), followed by postinfective glomerulonephritis (PIGN) in 20% (5), membranous nephropathy in 16% (4), focal segmental glomerulosclerosis in 12% (3), and miscellaneous lesions in 24% (10). Acute interstitial nephritis and primary amyloidosis were the most common of TIDs and SGDs, respectively. Among the patients with combination of DN with NDRD, 53.33% (8) were TIDs and 46.67% (7) had glomerular diseases. Acute tubular injury/necrosis and PIGN were the most common of TIDs and glomerular disease, respectively. The figures in brackets representing number of patients. Conclusions: The majority of the participants with T2DM had NDRD either alone or in combination with DN in the study, underlining the utility of renal biopsy for their diagnoses in those with appropriate indication. Wide spectrum of PGDs, TIDs, and SGDs was found in the study.

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