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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 19-23

Spectrum of Ankle-Brachial Index in Chronic Kidney Disease in Rural Teaching Hospital

1 Department of Medicine, JawaharLal Nehru Medical College, DMIMS, Sawangi, Wardha, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Interventional Radiodiagnosis, JawaharLal Nehru Medical College, DMIMS, Sawangi, Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Sunil Kumar
Department of Medicine, JawaharLal Nehru Medical College, DMIMS, Sawangi, Wardha, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2394-2916.175397

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Background and Objective: The ankle-brachial index (ABI) is a noninvasive method used to predict subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Studies regarding this are lacking in India, especially in a rural setting. Here, we have tried to determine the prevalence of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) by manual ABI, which is a low-cost diagnostic tool than Doppler ABI. Materials and Methods: This is a prospective observational study carried out over a period of 2 years enrolling 240 patients with CKD within the age group of 17-85 years. All patients and controls underwent thorough clinical examination and required laboratory investigation. Statistical analysis was carried out using statistics using the Z-test for the difference in comparison and calculation of P values. Results: The mean age of presentation was 47.91 ± 14.23 with a male preponderance of 161 (67.08%). The relation between hemodialysis (HD) and peripheral vascular disease and its duration were compared which showed significantly lower ABI values in patients who were on HD −0.87 ± 0.05 (manual), 0.90 ± 0.09 (Doppler); off HD: 0.89 ± 0.07 (manual), 0.93 ± 0.07 (Doppler) with P = 0.008 (manual), 0.007 (Doppler), and longer duration of HD (>6 months), showing lower ABI values which were statistically significant ≤6 months: 0.88 ± 0.05 (manual), 0.90 ± 0.10 (Doppler); >6 months: 0.85 ± 0.05 (manual), 0.88 ± 0.06 (Doppler). Conclusion: The correlation of both methods of ABI was compared with different stages of CKD in detecting PAD that showed that both methods were equally effective in detecting CKD in different stages.

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